Substance Abuse Susceptibility And Scam Victims

Helping Scam Victims Understand the Connection to Substance Abuse as a Coping Mechanism After the Scam

Scam Victim Recovery Psychology

Authors:
•  Vianey Gonzalez B.Sc(Psych) – Psychologist, Certified Deception Professional, Psychology Advisory Panel & Director of the Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc.
•  Tim McGuinness, Ph.D. – Anthropologist, Scientist, Director of the Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc.

About This Article

Trauma, such as falling victim to scams, can lead individuals to self-medicate with alcohol and drugs as a means of coping with the profound emotional distress and upheaval caused by their experiences. The psychological toll of scams, including feelings of shame, guilt, and betrayal, can exacerbate underlying mental health issues, making individuals more susceptible to substance abuse.

In a support group setting, several strategies can be implemented to better help scam victims with substance abuse or to prevent it altogether. These include psychoeducation about the link between trauma and addiction, trauma-informed care, skill-building focused on healthy coping strategies, competent support and validation, relapse prevention strategies, and empowerment and self-efficacy promotion.

By addressing the root causes of substance use, fostering resilience, and providing trauma-informed care, support groups can empower scam victims to heal, recover, and reclaim their lives beyond the shadows of trauma and addiction.

SCARS Scam Victim Support & Recovery Program

Understanding the Vulnerability and Susceptibility of Traumatized Individuals to Substance Abuse – an Insight and Caution for Scam Victims

Traumatic experiences, such as relationship or investment scams can have a profound impact on an individual’s mental and emotional well-being and can easily lead to substance use and abuse.

Among the various coping mechanisms employed by traumatized individuals, self-medication with alcohol and drugs is a prevalent but often overlooked response. Traumatized scam victims need to understand this susceptibility to substance use as a means of coping with the psychological aftermath of their experiences.

The Psychological Toll of Scams

Scams can leave victims emotionally devastated, leading to a range of psychological symptoms such as anxiety, depression, guilt, shame, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The betrayal of trust, financial loss, and sense of powerlessness associated with scams can erode victims’ sense of security and self-esteem, leaving them vulnerable to ongoing distress and psychological struggles.

Scam victims, already reeling from the betrayal and financial devastation inflicted upon them, find themselves grappling with overwhelming feelings of shame, embarrassment, and self-blame. They may perceive themselves as gullible or naive, internalizing the narrative that they somehow deserved or invited their victimization. This intense self-criticism can fuel a cycle of negative emotions, driving victims to seek solace in substances as a means of numbing their pain and escaping their reality.

The psychological trauma inflicted by scams can trigger or exacerbate underlying mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Victims may experience intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, and nightmares related to the scam, leading to heightened levels of stress and emotional dysregulation. In an effort to cope with these distressing symptoms, individuals (more frequently men) often turn to alcohol or drugs as a form of self-medication, hoping to find temporary relief from their psychological anguish.

Substance abuse among scam victims can also be fueled by feelings of social isolation and alienation. Many victims report feeling disconnected from friends, family, and their broader support networks, as they struggle to come to terms with their victimization. The stigma surrounding scams and addiction further compounds this sense of isolation, leaving victims feeling misunderstood and marginalized in their communities. As a result, individuals may turn to substances as a way to self-soothe and alleviate feelings of loneliness and isolation.

The financial losses incurred through scams can exacerbate substance abuse issues among victims. Many individuals find themselves facing significant financial distress, including bankruptcy, foreclosure, and (in some cases) loss of employment, as they attempt to recover from the scam. This financial instability can create additional stressors and triggers for substance use, as victims grapple with the practical challenges of rebuilding their lives in the aftermath of victimization.

Self-Medication as a Coping Strategy

In the face of overwhelming emotional pain and distress, some individuals turn to alcohol and drugs as a way to numb their feelings or escape from reality temporarily. Substance abuse can provide a temporary reprieve from intrusive thoughts, emotional pain, and psychological symptoms associated with trauma. Additionally, alcohol and drugs may be perceived as readily available and socially acceptable forms of self-medication, further reinforcing their use as coping mechanisms.

The psychological toll of falling victim to scams extends beyond financial losses, often leading individuals to cope with the trauma through substance abuse. This self-medication with alcohol and drugs serves as a maladaptive coping mechanism for dealing with the profound emotional distress and upheaval caused by the scam experience.

The Cycle of Addiction and Trauma

Unfortunately, self-medication with alcohol and drugs can quickly spiral into addiction, exacerbating the individual’s existing psychological issues and creating a vicious cycle of trauma and substance use. As tolerance builds and withdrawal symptoms emerge, individuals may become increasingly dependent on alcohol and drugs to function, leading to further deterioration of their mental and physical health.

Substance abuse among traumatized scam victims can spiral into addiction due to a combination of psychological, emotional, and physiological factors.

Trauma, such as the experience of falling victim to a scam, can significantly impact an individual’s sense of self, coping mechanisms, and emotional regulation, making them more vulnerable to addiction.

  • Coping Mechanisms: Trauma disrupts an individual’s ability to cope with stress and regulate emotions effectively. Scam victims may turn to alcohol or drugs as a maladaptive coping mechanism to numb their emotional pain, alleviate distressing symptoms, or escape from their reality temporarily. Substance use provides a sense of immediate relief or distraction from the overwhelming feelings of shame, guilt, and betrayal associated with the scam experience.
  • Emotional Regulation: Trauma can impair an individual’s ability to regulate emotions, leading to heightened levels of anxiety, depression, and emotional dysregulation. Substance abuse offers a temporary reprieve from these distressing symptoms, providing a sense of calm, euphoria, or numbness. Over time, individuals may develop a reliance on substances to manage their emotional state, leading to the development of addiction.
  • Self-Medication: Scam victims may engage in self-medication with alcohol or drugs as a means of addressing underlying mental health issues, including past traumas, exacerbated by the new trauma. Many individuals experience symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a scam, which can contribute to substance abuse as a form of self-medication. However, substance use often exacerbates these mental health conditions, creating a cycle of dependence and worsening symptoms.
  • Social Isolation: Trauma can lead to feelings of social isolation and alienation, as individuals struggle to come to terms with their victimization and navigate the stigma associated with scams. Substance abuse may serve as a means of coping with loneliness, boredom, and disconnection from social support networks. However, prolonged substance use can further isolate individuals from friends, family, and community resources, exacerbating feelings of loneliness and worsening addiction.
  • Neurobiological Changes: Trauma alters brain chemistry and neurobiology, affecting reward pathways, stress response systems, and impulse control mechanisms. Substance abuse hijacks these neurobiological processes, leading to changes in the brain that reinforce addictive behaviors. Over time, individuals may develop tolerance, dependence, and cravings for alcohol or drugs, leading to compulsive substance use despite negative consequences.

Trauma significantly increases the risk of addiction among scam victims by disrupting coping mechanisms, impairing emotional regulation, exacerbating mental health issues, fostering social isolation, and inducing neurobiological changes that promote addictive behaviors. Addressing substance abuse among traumatized individuals requires comprehensive trauma-informed care, addiction treatment, and mental health support to address the underlying factors driving addiction and promote holistic recovery.

Addressing the Root Causes

To break the cycle of addiction and trauma, it’s essential to address the underlying issues driving substance use among traumatized individuals. This requires a comprehensive approach that acknowledges the interplay between trauma, psychological distress, and substance use. Interventions should focus on providing trauma-informed care, evidence-based therapies, and holistic support services tailored to the individual’s needs.

Supporting Scam Victims

For scam victims, seeking help and support is crucial in navigating the complex aftermath of their experiences and reducing the risk of substance use.

Counseling, therapy, and support groups can provide a safe space for victims to process their trauma, develop coping strategies, and rebuild their lives. Additionally, educating scam victims about the psychological effects of trauma and the risks associated with substance use can empower them to make informed decisions about their mental health and well-being.

In a support group setting, several strategies can be implemented to better help scam victims with substance abuse or to prevent it altogether:

  • Psychoeducation: SCARS provides extensive information about the psychological impact of scams and the link between trauma and substance abuse. Educate members about common coping mechanisms and the risks associated with self-medication. Understanding the connection between trauma and addiction can empower individuals to recognize warning signs and seek help proactively.
  • Trauma-Informed Care: SCARS was the first to adopt a trauma-informed approach to support group facilitation, emphasizing safety, trust, and empowerment. SCARS Team members are certified in trauma-informed care and many other modalities. It is important to create a supportive and non-judgmental environment where members feel validated, understood, and accepted. Avoid triggering language or behaviors that may retraumatize individuals and prioritize their emotional well-being throughout the recovery process.
  • Skill-Building: SCARS offers opportunities and skill-building focused on healthy coping strategies, stress management techniques, and emotion regulation skills. SCARS teaches members alternative ways of managing distress, such as mindfulness meditation, relaxation exercises, or creative expression. It is essential to provide practical tools and resources to help individuals develop resilience and navigate triggers without resorting to substance use. SCARS does this through its support groups and weekly zoom calls, as well as webinars.
  • Competent Support and Validation: SCARS facilitates support and validation within its groups, encouraging members to share their experiences, challenges, and successes openly. The develops a sense of connection, empathy, and solidarity among scam victims, reducing feelings of isolation and shame. We encourage active listening, empathy, and validation of each other’s experiences to create a supportive community of mutual understanding and encouragement.
  • Relapse Prevention Strategies: We also strongly recommend counseling and therapy for scam victims It is essential to watch for early detection of substance use and relapse prevention strategies and coping skills training to help victims identify early warning signs of relapse and develop effective strategies for managing cravings and triggers. We teach scam victims how to develop healthy coping mechanisms and social support networks. We encourage our support group members to practice self-care, set boundaries, and prioritize their well-being to reduce the risk of relapse.
  • Holistic Approach: It is necessary to take a holistic approach to avoiding substance abuse and recovery by addressing the underlying factors driving substance abuse, such as unresolved trauma, unmet emotional needs, or co-occurring mental health issues. It is important to show scam victims integrated treatment options that address both substance abuse and trauma simultaneously, that will be provided by trauma counselors or therapists, such as trauma-focused therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), cognitive processing therapy (CPT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). SCARS provides access to mental health professionals through referrals and to its members with a free month of therapy provided by its partner BetterHelp.
  • Empowerment and Self-Efficacy: We foster empowerment and self-efficacy among support group members by highlighting their strengths, resilience, and capacity for growth. Encouraging members to set achievable goals, celebrate milestones, and acknowledge their progress along the recovery journey. This empowers individuals to advocate for themselves, seek support when needed, and take ownership of their recovery process. SCARS also provides opportunities for leadership, peer mentoring, and community engagement to promote a sense of agency and empowerment among scam victims.

By implementing these strategies in a support group setting, SCARS helps individuals receive the guidance, coaching, encouragement, and support they need to address their recovery from their scam(s) and to avoid substance abuse, prevent relapse, and reclaim their lives after falling victim to scams.

Collaborative efforts from SCARS support group facilitators (guides and coaches,) members, and external mental health professionals do help create a safe and supportive path conducive to healing, growth, and recovery.

Prevention and Awareness

Preventing substance use among traumatized individuals, including scam victims, requires a multifaceted approach that addresses risk factors, promotes resilience, and fosters protective factors.

When we become aware that a scam victim has a substance abuse problem, we strongly recommend that they seek professional trauma counseling and support, as well as participate in a residential substance recovery program. The risks caused by trauma and the other emotional and psychological factors associated with scams will make it very difficult to recover from the scam and substance abuse at the same time without the concentrated rehab support that such a program can provide.

Summary

Traumatized individuals, including scam victims, are vulnerable to self-medication with alcohol and drugs as a means of coping with the psychological aftermath of their experiences.

Understanding the complex interactions between trauma, substance use, and addiction is essential for providing effective support and interventions to those in need. By addressing the root causes of substance use, fostering resilience, and promoting access to trauma-informed care, we can help empower individuals to heal, recover, and reclaim their lives beyond the shadows of trauma and addiction.

Providing access to trauma-informed care, substance abuse treatment, and mental health support services is essential for helping victims heal and recover from their experiences.

Additionally, raising awareness about the link between scams and substance abuse can help reduce stigma and facilitate early intervention and support for those in need.

By addressing the underlying trauma and providing holistic support to victims, we can help empower individuals to break free from the cycle of addiction and reclaim their lives.

ISTSS Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Problems

ISTSS Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Problems
Substance Abuse and Scam Victims on SCARS ScamsNOW.com

Psychology Disclaimer:

All articles about psychology and the human brain on this website are for information & education only

The information provided in this article is intended for educational and self-help purposes only and should not be construed as a substitute for professional therapy or counseling.

While any self-help techniques outlined herein may be beneficial for scam victims seeking to recover from their experience and move towards recovery, it is important to consult with a qualified mental health professional before initiating any course of action. Each individual’s experience and needs are unique, and what works for one person may not be suitable for another.

Additionally, any approach may not be appropriate for individuals with certain pre-existing mental health conditions or trauma histories. It is advisable to seek guidance from a licensed therapist or counselor who can provide personalized support, guidance, and treatment tailored to your specific needs.

If you are experiencing significant distress or emotional difficulties related to a scam or other traumatic event, please consult your doctor or mental health provider for appropriate care and support.

If you are in crisis, feeling desperate, or in despair please call 988 or your local crisis hotline.

Statement About Victim Blaming

Some of our articles discuss various aspects of victims. This is both about better understanding victims (the science of victimology) and their behaviors and psychology. This helps us to educate victims/survivors about why these crimes happened and to not blame themselves, better develop recovery programs, and to help victims avoid scams in the future. At times this may sound like blaming the victim, but it does not blame scam victims, we are simply explaining the hows and whys of the experience victims have.

These articles, about the Psychology of Scams or Victim Psychology – meaning that all humans have psychological or cognitive characteristics in common that can either be exploited or work against us – help us all to understand the unique challenges victims face before, during, and after scams, fraud, or cybercrimes. These sometimes talk about some of the vulnerabilities the scammers exploit. Victims rarely have control of them or are even aware of them, until something like a scam happens and then they can learn how their mind works and how to overcome these mechanisms.

Articles like these help victims and others understand these processes and how to help prevent them from being exploited again or to help them recover more easily by understanding their post-scam behaviors. Learn more about the Psychology of Scams at www.ScamPsychology.org

SCARS Resources:

PLEASE NOTE: Psychology Clarification

The following specific modalities within the practice of psychology are restricted to psychologists appropriately trained in the use of such modalities:

  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of mental, emotional, or brain disorders and related behaviors.
  • Psychoanalysis: Psychoanalysis is a type of therapy that focuses on helping individuals to understand and resolve unconscious conflicts.
  • Hypnosis: Hypnosis is a state of trance in which individuals are more susceptible to suggestion. It can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including anxiety, depression, and pain.
  • Biofeedback: Biofeedback is a type of therapy that teaches individuals to control their bodily functions, such as heart rate and blood pressure. It can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including stress, anxiety, and pain.
  • Behavioral analysis: Behavioral analysis is a type of therapy that focuses on changing individuals’ behaviors. It is often used to treat conditions such as autism and ADHD.
    Neuropsychology: Neuropsychology is a type of psychology that focuses on the relationship between the brain and behavior. It is often used to assess and treat cognitive impairments caused by brain injuries or diseases.

SCARS and the members of the SCARS Team do not engage in any of the above modalities in relationship to scam victims. SCARS is not a mental healthcare provider and recognizes the importance of professionalism and separation between its work and that of the licensed practice of psychology.

SCARS is an educational provider of generalized self-help information that individuals can use for their own benefit to achieve their own goals related to emotional trauma. SCARS recommends that all scam victims see professional counselors or therapists to help them determine the suitability of any specific information or practices that may help them.

SCARS cannot diagnose or treat any individuals, nor can it state the effectiveness of any educational information that it may provide, regardless of its experience in interacting with traumatized scam victims over time. All information that SCARS provides is purely for general educational purposes to help scam victims become aware of and better understand the topics and to be able to dialog with their counselors or therapists.

It is important that all readers understand these distinctions and that they apply the information that SCARS may publish at their own risk, and should do so only after consulting a licensed psychologist or mental healthcare provider.

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The opinions of the author are not necessarily those of the Society of Citizens Against Rleationship Scams Inc. The author is solely responsible for the content of their work. SCARS is protected under the Communications Decency Act (CDA) section 230 from liability.

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